What is new in chemotherapy for cancer? Read our chemotherapy blog and learn more about the latest advancements in cytotoxic therapy for several cancers.

Camrelizumab anti-PD-1 with or without Chemotherapy for NPC

Camrelizumab anti-PD-1 with or without chemotherapy for NPC

Camrelizumab (SHR-1210, Hengrui Medicine), a novel programmed death 1 (PD-1) inhibitor, plus gemcitabine and cisplatin showed a manageable toxicity profile with promising, preliminary anti-tumour activity in treatment-naïve Chinese nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients. Larger, randomised controlled trials may provide further insight into the role of anti-PD1 for NPC, wrote the authors in the Lancet Oncology.

Blood-based TMB-assay predicts response to atezolizumab in NSCLC patients

Plasma TMB predicts response to atezolizumab in NSCLC patients

A high tumour mutational burden in the plasma (bTMB) is a clinically actionable biomarker for atezolizumab (Tencentriq®, Roche) treatment in patients who failed 1st-line platinum-based therapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

U.S. FDA Approved Immune-Checkpoint Inhibitors Updated 21-Aug-2018

Since 2011, when the United States Food and Drug Administration (U.S. FDA) approved ipilimumab (Yervoy®) for malignant melanoma, several immune-checkpoint inhibitors have been granted marketing authorisation. Do you know all the indications? MediPaper made an overview of all the U.S. FDA approved immune-checkpoint inhibitors and other U.S. FDA approved immunotherapies.

Talazoparib in advanced breast cancer patients with a germline BRCA1:2 mutation

Talazoparib in advanced breast cancer patients with a germline BRCA1/2 mutation

Single-agent PARP-inhibition with talazoparib is associated with an improved progression-free survival (PFS) and better patient-reported outcomes (PRO) when compared to chemotherapy alone in patients with advanced breast cancer (ABC) and a germline BRCA1/2 mutation, as reported by the investigators of the Phase III EMBRACA study (NCT01945775) in the New England Journal of Medicine.

FDA approved lusutrombopag (Mulpleta, Shionogi Inc.) for thrombocytopenia in adults with chronic liver disease who are scheduled to undergo a medical or dental procedure. More Information.  July 31, 2018.

FDA approved mogamulizumab for adult patients with relapsed or refractory CTCL

On the 8th of August 2018, the FDA approved mogamulizumab-kpkc (Poteligeo®, Kyowa Kirin), a CC chemokine receptor type 4 (CCR4) directed monoclonal antibody, for use in adult patients with relapsed or refractory cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL).

Osimertinib in patients with T790M-positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer and brain metastases (AURA3)

Osimertinib is active in the second-line treatment of patients with T790M-positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and central nervous system (CNS) metastases, as reported by the investigators of the Phase III AURA3 study.

ASCO 2018 NSCLC: The ASCO18 Lung Cancer Track Summarised

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): a key feature of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) 2018 annual meeting. This year, encouraging results with single-agent immunotherapy (I-O) and combinations of I-O with chemotherapy (CTx), including the CheckMate 227 with nivolumab (NIVO), IMpower131 and IMpower150 studies with atezolizumab (ATEZO), and KEYNOTE-042 and KEYNOTE-407 studies with pembrolizumab (PEMBRO). Furthermore, important Asian data on treatments for epidermal growth-factor recptor (EGFR) mutation-positive (mu+) NSCLC (ARCHER 1050, NEJ009, NEJ026, and JO25567).

ASCO 2018 Breast Cancer: The ASCO18 breast cancer track summarised

Breast cancer: a front-runner when it comes to the development of novel therapeutic strategies. With the advent of newer targeted- and immunotherapies, oncologists have an increment of options to offer their patients. The American Society of Clinical Oncology’s (ASCO) 2018 Breast Cancer track offered an extensive look at the latest advancements and updates from on-going trials covering the various subtypes of breast cancer.

Bevacizumab in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel FDA approved for several types of gynaecological cancers

 

  • On June 13, 2018, the FDA approved bevacizumab (AvastinⓇ, Genentech, Inc.) in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel, followed by single-agent bevacizumab for use after surgical resection in patients with stage III or IV epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer.

ASCO 2018 HCC: The ASCO18 hepatocellular cancer track summarised

This year’s American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) annual meeting includes two Phase III studies in the second-line treatment of the disease. Moreover, data with several immune-checkpoint inhibitors were presented, including the KEYNOTE-224 with pembrolizumab. Welcome to the summary of the ASCO 2018 HCC track.

AACR 2018: first-line atezolizumab, bevacizumab plus chemotherapy active in non-squamous NSCLC

First-line atezolizumab plus bevacizumab, carboplatin and paclitaxel improves PFS in patients with non-squamous NSCLC. Two presentations on the IMPower150 study by Martin Reck (ELCC 2018) and Mark Socinski (AACR 2018) discussed the frontline addition of atezolizumab to bevacizumab and chemotherapy in different lung cancer subgroups (NCT02366143).

Nivolumab-Ipilimumab Combination: A New Option for TMB-High NSCLC (CheckMate 227)

AACR 2018: First-line nivolumab-ipilimumab in TMB-high NSCLC with was associated with a more than tripled 1-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate compared to platinum-based chemotherapy in the Phase III CheckMate 227 trial (NCT02477826).

Frontline Combination of Pembrolizumab and Chemotherapy: A New Standard of Care for Non-squamous NSCLC

AACR 2018: Frontline pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy in NSCLC reduces the risk of death by more than 50%. The Phase III KEYNOTE-189 trial combined pembrolizumab (Keytruda®) plus standard of care platinum-based chemotherapy in non-squamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without EGFR or ALK genetic aberrations (NCT0278680)

Keynote-042 Keynote-024 pembrolizumab nsclc keytruda nsclc non-squamous squamous PD-L1 expression 1% 20% 50% Tony Mok MD NCT02220894 Pembrolizumab effective in frontline NSCLC with low PD-L1 expression

Pembrolizumab effective in frontline NSCLC with low PD-L1 expression

Pembrolizumab (Keytruda®) as single-agent immunotherapy in the frontline setting of any histology NSCLC with a PD-L1 expression ≥1% was associated with improved overall survival (OS) when compared to platinum-doublet chemotherapy in the KEYNOTE-042.

Symposium Highlight 5HT3 NK1 Palonosetron Netupitant CINV Chemotherapy-induced Nausea and Vomiting

Advances in the Prophylaxis of Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting: From Multi-Dose to Single Dose Control

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Pembrolizumab approved for advanced gastric cancer

On September 22, 2017, the FDA granted accelerated approval to pembrolizumab (KEYTRUDA, Merck) for use in patients with locally advanced or metastatic, gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma positive for PD-L1 as determined by an FDA-approved companion diagnostic (CDx) and progressing after ≥2 prior systemic therapies, including a fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-containing regimen, and, when appropriate, HER2-targeted therapy.