What is new in chemotherapy for cancer? Read our chemotherapy blog and learn more about the latest advancements in cytotoxic therapy for several cancers.

MURANO: off-drug progression-free survival after 2 years venetoclax plus 6 cycles Rituximab

MURANO: off-drug progression-free survival after 2 years venetoclax plus 6 cycles Rituximab

On the first day of the 2018 American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting, an additional year of follow-up data from the practice-changing MURANO study were presented to the audience by Professor John F. Seymour. In the trial’s setting of relapsed/refractory (R/R) chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), the non-chemo-containing regimen venetoclax (Venclexta®, AbbVie/Roche) plus rituximab was associated with maintained superior progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) over standard-of-care chemoimmunotherapy with bendamustine plus rituximab. At the same time, a durable post-treatment disease control is also attainable with the fixed-duration chemo-free regimen.

Venetoclax plus azacitidine, decitabine, or low-dose cytarabine FDA approved in elderly AML patients

On 21 November 2018, the FDA granted accelerated approval to venetoclax (Venclexta®, AbbVie/Genentech) in combination with either azacitidine, or decitabine, or low-dose cytarabine (LDAC), for the treatment of newly-diagnosed acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) patients ≥75 years old or in patients with comorbidities precluding intensive induction chemotherapy.

Glasdegib plus low-dose cytarabine (LDAC) approved in elderly AML patients

On 21 November 2018, the FDA approved glasdegib (Daurismo®, Pfizer) in combination with low-dose cytarabine (LDAC), for the treatment of newly-diagnosed acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) in patients of 75 years or older and in patients with comorbidities contraindicating intensive induction chemotherapy.

Brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris®) plus chemotherapy approved for several CD30 expressing lymphomas

On 16 November, 2018, the FDA approved brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris®, Seattle Genetics) in combination with chemotherapy for the treatment of previously untreated systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma (sALCL) and other CD30-expressing peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCL), including angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) and PTCL not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS).

Pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy approved for metastatic squamous NSCLC

On October 30th 2018, the FDA approved the use of programmed death 1 (PD-1) inhibitor pembrolizumab (Keytruda®, Merck) in combination with carboplatin plus paclitaxel or nab-paclitaxel for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

IMpower133 first-line atezolizumab plus chemotherapy in extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer

IMpower133: first-line atezolizumab plus chemotherapy in extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer

Atezolizumab (Tecentriq®, Roche/Genentech) plus standard chemotherapy for the first-line treatment of extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) was associated with a significantly longer overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) when compared with chemotherapy alone.

Pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy effective in squamous NSCLC

Pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy effective in squamous NSCLC

Pembrolizumab (Keytruda®, Merck) in combination with chemotherapy was associated with longer overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) when compared to placebo plus chemotherapy in patients with untreated metastatic squamous cell non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Ipilimumab plus nivolumab for persistent or recurrent ovarian cancer

Ipilimumab plus nivolumab for persistent or recurrent ovarian cancer

Adding ipilimumab (IPI [Yervoy®, Bristol-Myers Squibb]) to nivolumab (NIVO [Opdivo®, Bristol-Myers Squibb]) induction followed by maintenance with single-agent NIVO had a superior objective tumour response rate and progression-free survival (PFS) when compared to NIVO alone in patients with persistent or recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer.

Front-line atezolizumab plus chemotherapy improves PFS in NSCLC

Frontline atezolizumab plus chemotherapy improves PFS in NSCLC

An interim analysis of the Phase III IMpower132 study showed that atezolizumab (Tecentriq®, Roche/Genentech) plus platinum-based chemotherapy (cisplatin or carboplatin) with pemetrexed improves the median progression-free survival (PFS) in treatment-naïve patients with non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The median PFS for atezolizumab plus pemetrexed and a platinum salt was 7.6 months vs 5.2 months with chemotherapy alone (HR=0.60, 95% CI: 0.49-0.72; p<0.0001).

Early breast cancer treatment in China remains conservative

Early breast cancer treatment in China remains conservative

Breast-conserving surgery is uncommon in China, and despite routinely performing SLNB the uptake of the ACOSOG Z0011 study recommendation to treat selected sentinel node-positive patients with whole breast irradiation and adjuvant systemic therapy instead of ALND remains low at only 17% of Chinese centres. These were the key findings of a national survey among 520 Chinese hospitals.

Camrelizumab anti-PD-1 with or without Chemotherapy for NPC

Camrelizumab anti-PD-1 with or without chemotherapy for NPC

Camrelizumab (SHR-1210, Hengrui Medicine), a novel programmed death 1 (PD-1) inhibitor, plus gemcitabine and cisplatin showed a manageable toxicity profile with promising, preliminary anti-tumour activity in treatment-naïve Chinese nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients. Larger, randomised controlled trials may provide further insight into the role of anti-PD1 for NPC, wrote the authors in the Lancet Oncology.

Blood-based TMB-assay predicts response to atezolizumab in NSCLC patients

Plasma TMB predicts response to atezolizumab in NSCLC patients

A high tumour mutational burden in the plasma (bTMB) is a clinically actionable biomarker for atezolizumab (Tencentriq®, Roche) treatment in patients who failed 1st-line platinum-based therapy for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

Talazoparib in advanced breast cancer patients with a germline BRCA1:2 mutation

Talazoparib in advanced breast cancer patients with a germline BRCA1/2 mutation

Single-agent PARP-inhibition with talazoparib is associated with an improved progression-free survival (PFS) and better patient-reported outcomes (PRO) when compared to chemotherapy alone in patients with advanced breast cancer (ABC) and a germline BRCA1/2 mutation, as reported by the investigators of the Phase III EMBRACA study (NCT01945775) in the New England Journal of Medicine.

FDA approved lusutrombopag (Mulpleta, Shionogi Inc.) for thrombocytopenia in adults with chronic liver disease who are scheduled to undergo a medical or dental procedure. More Information.  July 31, 2018.

FDA approved mogamulizumab for adult patients with relapsed or refractory CTCL

On the 8th of August 2018, the FDA approved mogamulizumab-kpkc (Poteligeo®, Kyowa Kirin), a CC chemokine receptor type 4 (CCR4) directed monoclonal antibody, for use in adult patients with relapsed or refractory cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL).

Osimertinib in patients with T790M-positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer and brain metastases (AURA3)

Osimertinib is active in the second-line treatment of patients with T790M-positive advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and central nervous system (CNS) metastases, as reported by the investigators of the Phase III AURA3 study.

ASCO 2018 NSCLC: The ASCO18 Lung Cancer Track Summarised

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): a key feature of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) 2018 annual meeting. This year, encouraging results with single-agent immunotherapy (I-O) and combinations of I-O with chemotherapy (CTx), including the CheckMate 227 with nivolumab (NIVO), IMpower131 and IMpower150 studies with atezolizumab (ATEZO), and KEYNOTE-042 and KEYNOTE-407 studies with pembrolizumab (PEMBRO). Furthermore, important Asian data on treatments for epidermal growth-factor recptor (EGFR) mutation-positive (mu+) NSCLC (ARCHER 1050, NEJ009, NEJ026, and JO25567).

ASCO 2018 Breast Cancer: The ASCO18 breast cancer track summarised

Breast cancer: a front-runner when it comes to the development of novel therapeutic strategies. With the advent of newer targeted- and immunotherapies, oncologists have an increment of options to offer their patients. The American Society of Clinical Oncology’s (ASCO) 2018 Breast Cancer track offered an extensive look at the latest advancements and updates from on-going trials covering the various subtypes of breast cancer.

Bevacizumab in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel FDA approved for several types of gynaecological cancers

 

ASCO 2018 HCC: The ASCO18 hepatocellular cancer track summarised

This year’s American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) annual meeting includes two Phase III studies in the second-line treatment of the disease. Moreover, data with several immune-checkpoint inhibitors were presented, including the KEYNOTE-224 with pembrolizumab. Welcome to the summary of the ASCO 2018 HCC track.

AACR 2018: first-line atezolizumab, bevacizumab plus chemotherapy active in non-squamous NSCLC

First-line atezolizumab plus bevacizumab, carboplatin and paclitaxel improves PFS in patients with non-squamous NSCLC. Two presentations on the IMPower150 study by Martin Reck (ELCC 2018) and Mark Socinski (AACR 2018) discussed the frontline addition of atezolizumab to bevacizumab and chemotherapy in different lung cancer subgroups (NCT02366143).

Nivolumab-Ipilimumab Combination: A New Option for TMB-High NSCLC (CheckMate 227)

AACR 2018: First-line nivolumabipilimumab in TMB-high NSCLC with was associated with a more than tripled 1-year progression-free survival (PFS) rate compared to platinum-based chemotherapy in the Phase III CheckMate 227 trial (NCT02477826).

Frontline Combination of Pembrolizumab and Chemotherapy: A New Standard of Care for Non-squamous NSCLC

AACR 2018: Frontline pembrolizumab plus chemotherapy in NSCLC reduces the risk of death by more than 50%. The Phase III KEYNOTE-189 trial combined pembrolizumab (Keytruda®) plus standard of care platinum-based chemotherapy in non-squamous non–small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without EGFR or ALK genetic aberrations (NCT0278680)

Keynote-042 Keynote-024 pembrolizumab nsclc keytruda nsclc non-squamous squamous PD-L1 expression 1% 20% 50% Tony Mok MD NCT02220894 Pembrolizumab effective in frontline NSCLC with low PD-L1 expression

Pembrolizumab effective in frontline NSCLC with low PD-L1 expression

Pembrolizumab (Keytruda®) as single-agent immunotherapy in the frontline setting of any histology NSCLC with a PD-L1 expression ≥1% was associated with improved overall survival (OS) when compared to platinum-doublet chemotherapy in the KEYNOTE-042.

Symposium Highlight 5HT3 NK1 Palonosetron Netupitant CINV Chemotherapy-induced Nausea and Vomiting

Advances in the Prophylaxis of Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting: From Multi-Dose to Single Dose Control

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Pembrolizumab approved for advanced gastric cancer

On September 22, 2017, the FDA granted accelerated approval to pembrolizumab (KEYTRUDA, Merck) for use in patients with locally advanced or metastatic, gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma positive for PD-L1 as determined by an FDA-approved companion diagnostic (CDx) and progressing after ≥2 prior systemic therapies, including a fluoropyrimidine– and platinum-containing regimen, and, when appropriate, HER2targeted therapy.