Know all the United States Food and Drug Administration (U.S. FDA) approved immune-checkpoint inhibitors. Members of MediPaper can download the free PPT slides summarising the U.S. FDA approved immune-checkpoint inhibitors and other U.S. FDA approved immunotherapies.
What is new in the treatment of gynaecological cancer including ovarian cancer, cervical cancer and endometrial cancer? Read our gynaecological cancer blog and learn more about the latest advancements in the treatment female cancers.
The development of new targeted therapies for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in recent years has changed the standard of care for the later stages of NSCLC in specific population groups.
Precision therapies were first approved for cancer in 1998, when trastuzumab was approved for HER2+ breast cancer, opening the door for other targeted therapies such as imatinib for Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myelogenous leukaemia.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is one of the most common causes of sexually transmitted disease worldwide. HPV is associated with a variety of clinical conditions that can range from cutaneous warts to cervical or anal cancer. Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer in women in the United States, and may constitute up to 25% of all female cancers in developing countries.
Immunotherapy with programmed death 1 (PD-1) antibody pembrolizumab led to an objective response rate (ORR) of 14.6% in previously treated advanced cervical cancer patients with PD-L1–positive disease, as reported by Chung et al. on behalf of the KEYNOTE-158 investigators in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
On 19 December 2018, the FDA approved olaparib (Lynparza®, AstraZeneca) as a maintenance treatment for adult advanced epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer patients who achieving a complete or partial response to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy and who have deleterious germline or somatic BRCA-mutatations (gBRCAm or sBRCAm) by an FDA-aproved test or who are suspected to have deleterious BRCA-mutatations (BRCAm).
Adding ipilimumab (IPI [Yervoy®, Bristol-Myers Squibb]) to nivolumab (NIVO [Opdivo®, Bristol-Myers Squibb]) induction followed by maintenance with single-agent NIVO had a superior objective tumour response rate and progression-free survival (PFS) when compared to NIVO alone in patients with persistent or recurrent epithelial ovarian cancer.
- On June 13, 2018, the FDA approved bevacizumab (AvastinⓇ, Genentech, Inc.) in combination with carboplatin and paclitaxel, followed by single-agent bevacizumab for use after surgical resection in patients with stage III or IV epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer.
- On June 12, 2018 the FDA approved pembrolizumab (KeytrudaⓇ, Merck & Co. Inc.) for patients with chemotherapy-refractory recurrent or metastatic (r/m) cervical cancer and with a combined positive score (CPS)≥1 PD-L1 level expression.
Increased cancer awareness improves survival, according to a recent study by Cancer Research UK (CRUK) published in the British Journal of Cancer (BJC). The researchers matched cancer symptom awareness from a population-based survey in over 35,000 people across the UK with the cancer registry.
In women with stage IIIC or IV ovarian cancer, primary cytoreductive surgery (PCS) may be preferred when there is a high chance to achieve cytoreduction to <1 cm with acceptable morbidity. This was concluded by an expert panel who published clinical guidelines in the Journal of Clinical Oncology (JCO) this week.
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