Tag Archive for: CRC

cabotegravir-and-rilpivirine-intramuscular-combination-safe-in-women

Cabotegravir and rilpivirine intramuscular combination safe in women

Women account for a disproportionate percentage of new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections in sub-Saharan Africa, comprising 59% of 18 million new adult HIV infections in 2017.

hcv-infected-kidneys-safe-for-transplantation-with-antiviral-treatment

HCV-infected kidneys safe for transplantation with antiviral treatment

Kidney transplants are the best treatment for end-stage renal disease (ESRD), with better survival outcomes than haemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis. However, in Hong Kong as well as much of the rest of the world, there is an increasing gap between the number of patients requiring a transplant and the number of organs available.

baloxavir-marboxil-recommended-as-post-exposure-prophylaxis-to-influenza-by-ema

Baloxavir marboxil recommended as post-exposure prophylaxis to influenza by EMA

Seasonal influenza is common between January to March, and July to August in Hong Kong. Baloxavir marboxil is the first influenza antiviral with a novel mechanism of action to be approved in almost two decades, and was registered for use in Hong Kong in February 2019.

Sotorasib for the treatment of KRASG12C-mutated lung cancer

Sotorasib for the treatment of KRASG12C mutated lung cancer

RAS is the most frequently mutated gene family in cancers, with KRAS mutations being involved as a driver in three of the most lethal cancers – lung cancer, colorectal cancer, and pancreatic cancer. Incidence of KRAS mutations vary between ethnicity with Caucasians having a higher incidence than African-Americans or Asians. In non-small lung cancer (NSCLC), the most common KRAS mutation is G12C. In Asia, G12C mutations in particular account for 14.5% of KRAS mutations in the Chinese population. KRAS G12C was identified in 4.3% of lung cancer samples and 2.5% of colorectal cancer samples.

Carboplatin plus paclitaxel to be the new standard of care for anal cancer

Carboplatin plus paclitaxel to be the new standard of care for anal cancer

The incidence of anal cancer has been increasing over the past decade, but currently still constitutes 0.5% of all cancer diagnoses in the United States. When the cancer has metastasised, prognosis remains poor, with relative 5-year survival rates of approximately 30%. The current standard of care for metastatic anal cancer is cisplatin-based chemotherapy combined with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). However, no randomised clinical trial investigating the optimal chemotherapy regimen for this disease has been conducted. The InterAAct trial was launched to investigate cisplatin plus FU against carboplatin plus paclitaxel in advanced anal cancers, and full results were recently published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

ASCO 2020 ASCO20 virtual meeting NSCLC SCLC lung cancer breast cancer hepatocellular cancer HCC colorectal cancer CRC

ASCO 2020 Lung, Breast, and Liver Cancer Update

This year, ASCO 2020 was held as a virtual conference due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This is a summary of key trials presented at ASCO, focusing primarily on breast cancer, liver cancer, and lung cancer.

Robert Lewandowski Y90 TARE TheraSphere The Emerging Role of Yttrium90 in Primary and Metastatic Liver Cancer hepatocellular carcinoma hcc

The Emerging Role of Yttrium-90 in Primary and Metastatic Liver Cancer

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Death due to cancer on the decline for most tumours in Europe