Delayed therapy start and antiretroviral therapy (ART) resistance are two common issues affecting up to 33% and 17% of patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), respectively. These patients commonly present with higher viral loads, lower CD4 T-cell count, and complications such as infections requiring acute treatment. For those patients presenting with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or those who have breakthrough HIV, and who present with opportunistic infections and comorbidities requiring hospitalisation, ART treatments are limited.
Tag Archive for: HIV
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), one of most serious public health challenges in the world, has already affected approximately 37.6 million people across the globe in 2020 and new infections in 2020 are estimated to be 1.5 million. Bictegravir/ Emtricitabine/ tenofovir (BIC/TAF/FTC) is a fixed-dose combination tablet consisting of an integrase inhibitor and two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors for the treatment of HIV infection. This HIV medication was approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) in 2018 due to the excellent efficacy outcomes in clinical trials. Real-world safety data of BIC/TAF/FTC was presented at the 18th European AIDS Conference in 2021 and summarised below.
As reported in The Lancet Child and Adolescent Health 2021, a cross-sectional study from the IMVASK cohort enrolled and investigated human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children who were previously treated with antiretroviral therapy (ART) for at least 2 years, and were compared against children of the same age without HIV.
Influenza A and B viruses are the cause of 3 to 5 million infection, and 250,000 to 500,00 deaths each year worldwide. Particular groups of the population are at higher risk of infection, including the elderly, immunocompromised, and infants.
The incidence of anal cancer has been increasing over the past decade, but currently still constitutes 0.5% of all cancer diagnoses in the United States. When the cancer has metastasised, prognosis remains poor, with relative 5-year survival rates of approximately 30%. The current standard of care for metastatic anal cancer is cisplatin-based chemotherapy combined with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU). However, no randomised clinical trial investigating the optimal chemotherapy regimen for this disease has been conducted. The InterAAct trial was launched to investigate cisplatin plus FU against carboplatin plus paclitaxel in advanced anal cancers, and full results were recently published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.
- On May 14, 2018 the FDA announced approval of biosimilar epoetin alfa-epbx (Retacrit®, Hospira, a subsidiary of Pfizer) for the treatment of anemia due to chronic kidney disease (CKD) in patients on dialysis and not on dialysis, use of zidovudine in patients with HIV infection, and the effects of concomitant myelosuppressive chemotherapy. Epoetin alfa-epbx is also approved for the reduction of allogeneic red blood cell transfusions in patients undergoing elective, noncardiac, nonvascular surgery. Retacrit® is a biosimilar of Epogen/Procrit (epoetin alfa, Amgen).