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Sotorasib for the treatment of KRASG12C mutated lung cancer

RAS is the most frequently mutated gene family in cancers, with KRAS mutations being involved as a driver in three of the most lethal cancers – lung cancer, colorectal cancer, and pancreatic cancer. Incidence of KRAS mutations vary between ethnicity with Caucasians having a higher incidence than African-Americans or Asians. In non-small lung cancer (NSCLC), the most common KRAS mutation is G12C. In Asia, G12C mutations in particular account for 14.5% of KRAS mutations in the Chinese population. KRAS G12C was identified in 4.3% of lung cancer samples and 2.5% of colorectal cancer samples.

Selpercatinib-displays-efficacy-in-RET -fusion-positive-non-small-cell-lung-cancer

Selpercatinib displays efficacy in RET fusion-positive non-small cell lung cancer

Aberrant RET activation has shown to be a clinical driver of tumour growth and proliferation. It is reported that 1-2% of non-small cell lung cancer patients have activating RET fusions. Clinical characteristics of these patients are generally younger (<60 years) with minimal or no smoking history, and frequent presentation with brain metastases at diagnosis of advanced disease. RET mutations are mutually exclusive with other common lung cancer genetic abberations, such as reported for KRAS, EGFR, and ALK.

First liquid biopsy for NSCLC to receive FDA approval

The development of new targeted therapies for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in recent years has changed the standard of care for the later stages of NSCLC in specific population groups.

ASCO 2019 lung cancer NSCLC ASCO19 SCLC mesothelioma KEYNOTE-189 KEYNOTE-001 IMpower150 MYSTIC LCMC3 Lung-MAP S1400G S1400I Flaura CALGB 30901 DETERRED COMPASS

ASCO 2019 Lung Cancer: 36 Oral Presentations of the ASCO19 lung cancer track summarised

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was a key feature of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) 2019 annual meeting. This year, exciting results with neoadjuvant immunotherapy (I-O) from the LCMC3, NEOSTAR, and GECP16/03_NADIM studies as well as combinations of I-O  and PARP-inhibitors with chemoradiation therapy, and more. A summary of 36 oral presentations on NSCLC, SCLC, and Mesothelioma.