With the San Antonio Breast Cancer Conference (SABCS) 2020 by AACR just completed, several new and clinical relevant phase 2 and phase 3 have been published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, Clinical Cancer Research, New England Journal of Medicine, Journal of Clinical Oncology, and Lancet Oncology. [‘mediPr] provides you with an overview.
What is new in the treatment of breast cancer? Read our breast cancer blog and learn more about the latest advancements in the treatment of breast cancer, including PARP inhibitors, CDK 4/6 inhibitors, endocrine therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy.
The development of new targeted therapies for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in recent years has changed the standard of care for the later stages of NSCLC in specific population groups.
Precision therapies were first approved for cancer in 1998, when trastuzumab was approved for HER2+ breast cancer, opening the door for other targeted therapies such as imatinib for Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myelogenous leukaemia.
This year, ASCO 2020 was held as a virtual conference due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This is a summary of key trials presented at ASCO, focusing primarily on breast cancer, liver cancer, and lung cancer.
Adding capivasertib to fulvestrant improves the progression-free survival (PFS) in postmenopausal women with oestrogen receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative, advanced breast cancer resistant to aromatase inhibitors, concluded Jones et al. (2020) in Lancet Oncology.
Adding capivasertib to paclitaxel improved the progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) who had not received prior treatment for metastatic disease. Predominantly patients with PIK3CA/AKT1/PTEN-altered tumours had a more pronounced PFS and overall survival (OS) benefit, as reported by Schmid et al. in the Journal of Clinical Oncology
In patients with hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative advanced breast cancer, adding ribociclib to fulvestrant improved the overall survival (OS) by 28% compared to fulvestrant alone, as reported by Slamon et al. (2019) in The New England Journal of Medicine.
Breast cancer: a front-runner when it comes to the development of novel therapeutic strategies. With the advent of newer targeted- and immunotherapies, oncologists have an increment of options to offer their patients. The American Society of Clinical Oncology’s (ASCO) 2019 Breast Cancer track offered an extensive look at the latest advancements and updates from on-going trials covering the various subtypes of breast cancer.
On the 3rd of May 2019, the FDA approved ado-trastuzumab emtansine (Kadcyla® [T-DM1], Genentech/Roche) as adjuvant therapy for human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER2)-positive early breast cancer (EBC) patients with residual invasive disease after neoadjuvant treatment with a taxane and trastuzumab.
On 4 April 2019, the US FDA approved palbociclib (Ibrance®, Pfizer) plus aromatase inhibitor or fulvestrant for the treatment of male patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative advanced or metastatic breast cancer.
On 8 March 2019, the FDA granted accelerated approval to atezolizumab (Tecentriq®, Genentech/Roche) in combination with albumin-bound paclitaxel (nab-paclitaxel) for the treatment of adult unresectable locally advanced or metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) patients with programmed death 1 ligand (PD-L1) stained tumour-infiltrating immune cells (IC) of any intensity covering ≥1% of the tumour area, as determined by the VENTANA PD-L1 (SP142) Assay companion diagnostic (CDx).
On 18 January 2019, the FDA approved the Herceptin®-biosimilar Ontruzant® (trastuzumab-dttb, Samsung BioEpsis), a HER2/neu receptor antagonist, for patients with HER2-overexpressing (HER2+) breast cancer in the adjuvant and metastatic setting, and in metastatic HER2+ gastric cancer patients. Ontruzant® was approved as biosimilar, not as an interchangeable product.
On 14 December 2018, the FDA approved the Herceptin®-biosimilar Herzuma® (trastuzumab-pkrb, Celltrion), a HER2/neu receptor antagonist, for patients with HER2-overexpressing (HER2+) breast cancer. Herzuma® was approved as biosimilar, not as an interchangeable product.
UPPSALA, Sweden, Nov. 21, 2018 /PRNewswire/ — Using the synthetic and fully resorbable TIGR®Matrix surgical mesh (Novus Scientific AB, Uppsala — Sweden) improves the outcome in breast cancer patients undergoing immediate reconstruction, as published in the Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery.
On October 16, 2018, the FDA approved PARP-inhibitor talazoparib (Talzenna®, Pfizer) for use in patients with deleterious or suspected deleterious germline BRCA-mutated locally advanced or metastatic human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative breast cancer. Patients should be selected for the PARP inhibitor (PARPi)-treatment using an FDA-approved companion diagnostic (CDx) for talazoparib.
Breast-conserving surgery is uncommon in China, and despite routinely performing SLNB the uptake of the ACOSOG Z0011 study recommendation to treat selected sentinel node-positive patients with whole breast irradiation and adjuvant systemic therapy instead of ALND remains low at only 17% of Chinese centres. These were the key findings of a national survey among 520 Chinese hospitals.
Biosceptre has announced the initiation of its Phase 1 clinical study with the peptide vaccine BIL06v. BIL06v is a peptide-protein conjugate that recruits the patient’s immune system to make antibodies specifically targeted at nfP2X7-expressing cancer cells resulting in tumour cell death.
Single-agent PARP-inhibition with talazoparib is associated with an improved progression-free survival (PFS) and better patient-reported outcomes (PRO) when compared to chemotherapy alone in patients with advanced breast cancer (ABC) and a germline BRCA1/2 mutation, as reported by the investigators of the Phase III EMBRACA study (NCT01945775) in the New England Journal of Medicine.
On July 18, 2018, the US FDA expanded the ribociclib (Kysqali©, Novartis) approval. Ribociclib plus an aromatase inhibitor as initial endocrine-based therapy is no longer limited to postmenopausal HR-positive, HER2-negative advanced or metastatic breast cancer patients alone and now includes pre- and perimenopausal women. Furthermore, the FDA has added the combination ribociclib plus fulvestrant as initial endocrine-based therapy for postmenopausal women with HR-positive, HER2-negative advanced or metastatic breast cancer.
Breast cancer: a front-runner when it comes to the development of novel therapeutic strategies. With the advent of newer targeted- and immunotherapies, oncologists have an increment of options to offer their patients. The American Society of Clinical Oncology’s (ASCO) 2018 Breast Cancer track offered an extensive look at the latest advancements and updates from on-going trials covering the various subtypes of breast cancer.
Can chemotherapy be avoided in women with hormone-sensitive breast cancer? This is a prominent question in the treatment of breast cancer around the globe.
One in six women with early, operable breast cancer may not need years of adjuvant hormonal therapy after primary treatment. This was the conclusion of a recent study published in JAMA (the Journal of the American Medical Association) Oncology.
Cyclin-dependent Kinase 4 and 6 (CDK4/6) inhibitors have shown clinical activity in patients with endocrine-resistant metastatic breast cancer. During the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Annual Meeting 2016, significant updates on studies with CDK4/6 inhibitors ribociclib, palbociclib and abemaciclib were presented.
In women with stage IIIC or IV ovarian cancer, primary cytoreductive surgery (PCS) may be preferred when there is a high chance to achieve cytoreduction to <1 cm with acceptable morbidity. This was concluded by an expert panel who published clinical guidelines in the Journal of Clinical Oncology (JCO) this week.
At the American Association for Cancer Research, 2014 annual meeting (AACR) Richard Finn presented the results of the PALOMA-1 study with Ibrance® (palbociclib), an oral inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase 4/6 (CDK4/6). Based on the results of this Phase 2 study, palbociclib was recently approved by the United States Drug and Food Administration (U.S. FDA). What is the current level of evidence on palbociclib in approved indications?
Recent studies have shown new possible applications for Ki67. Huh et al. showed that low Ki67 levels in healthy breast tissue correlated with a lesser lifetime chance of breast cancer. Another study by Arnedos and colleagues concluded that palbociclib was able to invoke a significant Ki67-level drop. After a decade of Ki67-controversies, these results put the marker back in the spotlight.
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